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What Causes Gum Recession?

What Causes Gum RecessionYou may wonder what causes gum recession. There are many factors associated with gum recession. hose factors include the following:

  • Periodontal disease: Bacterial gum infections can lead to the deterioration of gum disease and supporting bone structure which is responsible for holding teeth in place. Gum disease is the main reason for gum recession.
  • Genetic component: Some individuals are more susceptible to developing gum disease. Studies have indicated that 30% of the population may have a genetic predisposition to gum disease, despite their efforts in maintaining proper oral hygiene.
  • Aggressive brushing: Brushing teeth with improper tools and technique can cause extensive damage to soft tissue.
  • Improper dental hygiene: Inadequate brushing and flossing can cause plaque to develop into tartar buildup which can only be removed by a dental professional. Tartar buildup tends to irritate gum tissue, which causes regression.
  • Hormonal changes: Fluctuations in hormone levels in a woman’s lifetime such as puberty, pregnancy and menopause can cause gum tissue to become more susceptible to gum recession.
  • Tooth grinding and clenching: Clenching and grinding of teeth can cause an extreme amount of force to be placed onto teeth, causing gum tissue to recede.
  • Misaligned teeth: Teeth that are misaligned may be at risk for developing gum recession due to the over exertion of force that is unevenly applied to the occlusion.
  • Body piercing of lip or tongue: Jewelry worn in the oral cavity can cause irritation to gum tissue which can cause gum tissue to get worn.

Our periodontist can provide you with more information about the causes of gum recession.