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Gum Recession

Gum RecessionGum recession typically occurs when gum tissues that surround the teeth begin to regress, exposing the roots of the tooth. Recession of gums may be one of the first indications of periodontal disease. When gums begin to regress, pockets of infection will begin to develop in between teeth and the gum line. When left untreated, supporting bone structure, gum tissues, and teeth can become extensively damaged. Tooth loss may occur at this stage.

Although gum recession is a common oral health issue, most individuals are unaware of their condition since gum recede gradually over time. Tooth sensitivity is typically the initial sign of gum recession. Teeth may also appear to be abnormally long.

Why do Gums Recede?

There are many factors which contribute to gum recession, including:

  • Periodontal Disease: Bacterial gum infections cause destruction to gum tissue and supporting bone. Gum disease is the main culprit of gum recession.
  • Genetic Factor: Individuals may be more susceptible to developing gum disease, despite their efforts to maintain their oral hygiene.
  • Aggressive Tooth Brushing: Brushing with too much force, with a stiff bristled brush, or with the improper technique may cause tooth enamel to become worn and will lead to gum recession.
  • Improper Oral Hygiene: Patients who fail to properly brush and floss will develop an accumulation of plaque and tartar buildup on their teeth. When plaque and tartar is not removed by dental professional, gums will begin to deteriorate.
  • Hormonal Changes: Hormonal fluctuations throughout a woman’s lifetime during puberty, pregnancy, and menopause, cause gums to be extremely sensitive and more vulnerable for developing gum recession.
  • Tobacco Products: Tobacco users are more likely to have the formation of sticky plaque on their teeth which becomes very difficult to remove. This will also contribute to gum recession.

In order to determine your specific cause of gum recession, schedule an appointment with our periodontist today. We are dedicated to helping you achieve optimal oral health in a minimally invasive manner.