Gingival grafts are generally performed on patients who have developed gum recession. Gum tissue can recede for many reasons including improper brushing technique, trauma, and periodontal disease. When gum recession occurs, it is essential to seek treatment in order to prevent teeth from developing more severe complications such as extensive gum loss, degeneration of bone density, or even tooth loss. Gingival graft procedures are highly recommended for patients who have gum recession.
Many individual are unaware that their gums have begun to recede since this oral health condition occurs very gradually and over time. Exposed tooth roots can lead to an unattractive smile; however, they can also cause extreme tooth sensitivity, especially when patients consume hot or cold foods. When gum recession is left untreated, tooth loss can occur. In order to repair damaged tissue and to prevent the onset of oral health issues, gingival grafts should be performed.
The most common type of gingival graft performed is considered to be connective tissue grafts. This common method used to treat root exposure requires harvesting of subepithelial connective tissue from a flap that is carefully incised on the roof of a patient’s mouth. The subepithelial connective tissue is gingerly removed from the flap where it will then be attached directly onto the gum tissue surrounding the exposed tooth root. The flap will then be carefully sutured and will be protected with a special device.
Some prefer to use grafting material that has been obtained through a licensed tissue bank instead of tissue harvested from the patient’s oral cavity. At times, tissue stimulating proteins can also be used to help encourage the body’s natural ability to redevelop gum tissue and bone. The method which will be best suited for your needs will be dependent upon the specific needs of your case.